C2: Classification of Penalties [Art. 25-26]

Chapter Two

CLASSIFICATION OF PENALTIES

Art. 25. Penalties which may be imposed. — The penalties which may be imposed according to this Code, and their different classes, are those included in the following:

Scale PRINCIPAL PENALTIES

Capital punishment: Death.

Afflictive penalties: Reclusion perpetua,

Reclusion temporal,

Perpetual or temporary absolute
disqualification,

Perpetual or temporary special disqualification,

Prision mayor.

Correctional penalties: Prision correccional,

Arresto mayor,

Suspension,

Destierro.

Light penalties: Arresto menor,

Public censure.

Penalties common
to the three preceding
classes: Fine,

and Bond to keep the peace.

ACCESSORY PENALTIES

Perpetual or temporary absolute disqualification,

Perpetual or temporary special disqualification,

Suspension from public office, the right to vote and be voted for, the

profession or calling.

Civil interdiction,

Indemnification,

Forfeiture or confiscation of instruments and proceeds of the offense,

Payment of costs.

Art. 26. When afflictive, correctional, or light penalty. — A fine, whether imposed as a single of as an alternative penalty, shall be considered an afflictive penalty, if it exceeds 6,000 pesos; a correctional penalty, if it does not exceed 6,000 pesos but is not less than 200 pesos; and a light penalty if it less than 200 pesos.

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